The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center was developed in 1991 in response to the Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988 and the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. The site features a database with state and federal laws and incentives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, air quality, fuel efficiency, and other transportation-related topics.
Established in 1995, the Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE) is an ongoing project of the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC), funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and managed by the North Carolina Solar Center. The organizationís mission is to accelerate the use of renewable energy sources and technologies in and through state and local government and community activities.
As of March 2006, New York City leads U.S. cities in the number of hybrid buses utilized and is now beginning to purchase hybrid cabs. In July of 2005, Mayor Bloomberg of New York signed into law the use of hybrid taxicabs in the city. According to stopglobalwarming.org, "New York City is a national leader in municipal environmental policy and one of the most energy efficient cities in the United States."
In November of 2005, New York Governor George Pataki began an initiative to increase the use and production of biodiesel and renewable energy by all state agencies and public authorities in his state. By 2012, a minimum of 5% of heating fuel used in state buildings must be biodiesel. By 2007, 2% of fuels used in the state fleet must be biodiesel and by 2012, this must rise to 10%. The governor is also working to increase ethanol refueling stations, as well as bio-refineries with a grant program.
Renewable Portfolio Standards are adopted by individual states to assure a specified percentage of electricity demand is supplied from renewable energy sources. The requirement increases each year, but cannot include waste-to-energy facilities (incinerators) or high-head hydropower sources. The rules vary within each state, but the overall goal is the same: increase the use of renewable energy. In September 2004, New York State Public Service Commission adopted a 25% standard to be met by 2017.
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Header photo by Carol Y. Swinehart, courtesy of Michigan Sea Grant Extension
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