“We should be recycling nonrenewables now, even if it means finding a way to mine landfills, where metals and minerals are often found in higher concentrations than they are in ore deposits.” - Janine Benyus

Aquinas College

Illinois

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Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center- U.S. Department of Energy

The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center was developed in 1991 in response to the Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988 and the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. The site features a database with state and federal laws and incentives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, air quality, fuel efficiency, and other transportation-related topics.

Chicago

The City of Chicago has many sustainability initiatives, including creating an infrastructure to support municipal fleets' alternative fuel vehicles and establishing the Chicago Brownfield's Initiative in 1993 to acquire, assemble and rehabilitate properties. Within 5 years (from 2001), the city pledges to obtain 20% of the city energy demand (40 megawatts) from renewable sources. Many other city programs are explained on the site.

Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy

Established in 1995, the Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE) is an ongoing project of the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC), funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and managed by the North Carolina Solar Center. The organizationís mission is to accelerate the use of renewable energy sources and technologies in and through state and local government and community activities.

Renewable Portfolio Standards

Renewable Portfolio Standards are adopted by individual states to assure a specified percentage of electricity demand is supplied from renewable energy sources. The requirement increases each year, but cannot include waste-to-energy facilities (incinerators) or high-head hydropower sources. The rules vary within each state, but the overall goal is the same: increase the use of renewable energy. In 2005, the Illinois Commerce Commission approved a 8% standard by 2013.

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